Black Panther Party for Self Defense
Day 2 - B is for the Black Panther Party
Black Lives Have Always Mattered
The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, otherwise known as the Black Panther Party (BPP), was established in 1966 in Oakland, CA by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. The two leading revolutionary men created the national organization as a way to collectively combat white oppression. After constantly seeing black people suffer from the torturous practices of police officers around the nation, Newton and Seale helped to form the pioneering black liberation group to help build community and confront corrupt systems of power.
BPP Liberation School
The Intercommunal Youth Institute was established in January 1971 by the Black Panther Party. In 1974, the name was changed to the Oakland Community School. The Black Panther Party's goal was to get children to learn to their highest potential and to strengthen their minds so that one day they would be successful. Read about Black Panther Liberation Schools
BPP Breakfast Program
The party saw a serious need to nurture black kids in disenfranchised communities, so they spent about two hours each morning cooking breakfast for children in poor neighborhoods before school. “Studies came out saying that children who didn’t have a good breakfast in the morning were less attentive in school and less inclined to do well and suffered from fatigue,” former party member David Lemieux said in the documentary. “We just simply took that information and a program was developed to serve breakfast to children,”
This image, and the one below, were created by Emory Douglas. Black Panther Party artwork was distributed across the United States, showcasing the organization’s beliefs and standpoints. Douglas: "The women depicted in my artwork are a reflection of the party. Women went to jail and were in leadership roles. Women were an integral part of those movements so all that played into how I expressed them in my own artwork." See more: "The Revolutionary Art of Emory Douglas, Black Panther."
More About the Black Panthers
Click here to go to: Day 3 - C is for The Culture
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